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Taxonomic ClassificationApocynaceae family
Catharanthus roseus had been used for many years as a folk medicine, but was recognized by western physicians in the 1950s to produce compounds with anti-cancer activity. Two compounds, vinblastine (Velban) and vincristine (Oncovin) are currently used in the clinic as anti-cancer agents. Vinblastine and vincristine bind to tubulin, causing inhibition of microtubule formation and subsequent arrest of mitosis. Vinblastine and vincristine are used to treat a variety of cancers including Hodgkin's lymphoma, lymphoblastic leukemias and nephroblastomas. produces over 100 monoterpene indole alkaloids. Vinblastine and vincristine are classified as monoterpene indole alkaloid natural products.
|Chemical Structure: Vincristine||Clinical Trials||Major Metabolites|
|Enzyme Name||EC No||Genbank Accession||GI No|
|NADPH--cytochrome P450 reductase||22.214.171.124||Q05001.1||730125|
|Loganic acid methyltransferase||126.96.36.199||ABW38009.1||158426688|
We generated an assembly of 523 Mb of the variety Sunstorm Apricot with an N50 scaffold size of 26.2 kbp and annotated a total of 33,829 genes. A full analysis of the genome can be found in Kellner et al. 2015. See the genome browser, BLAST search site, and Dryad download page for access to the data.
aThe Total Entries column is the sum of the entries from the dbEST, dbGSS, dbPLN, and dbHTG columns. Data retrieved from NCBI on May 14 2010.
|Database||Current Version||Build Date||Seqs Assembled||Total Assemblies||Original Fasta|
Transcript assemblies data current as of May 17 2010.